ERIC Number: ED106743
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Different Strokes: Models of Drug Abuse Prevention Education.
Wong, Martin R.
This paper delineates models of drug abuse prevention education that have been indicated in the literature during the past six years, and discusses the research related to each. The nine models were considered according to: (1) basic premises, (2) positive and negative salient criticisms, and, (3) implications and modes of application for drug abuse prevention education. Models under discussion are: (1) the legal, political model; (2) the fear induction model; (3) the medical, psychiatric model; (4) the psychosocial, human skills model; (5) the information processing, rationality model; (6) the reinforcement model; (7) the religious, spiritual model; (8) the assumed drive model; and (9) the alternatives model. What emerges from the reported data is that drug abuse is a complex phenomenon and that a wide variety of programs and modes have been used in an attempt to counteract it. First, peer influence seems an effective way of bringing about desired changes in drug abusing behavior, particularly among young persons. A second important consideration involves human interaction, a theme paramount to the medical psychiatric, psycho-social human skills, reinforcement and the alternatives models. This present review calls, as do other similar reviews, for more and better research and followup. Since humans vary so greatly, it seems unlikely that the linkage of a decline in drug use to some specific fact of one particular mode of prevention education will occur. The plethora of approaches and models may remain, for some time to come, the most reasonable attack on the problem. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March 30-April 3, 1975); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document