ERIC Number: ED106742
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
The Modification of Female Leadership Behavior in the Presence of Males.
Lockheed, Marlaine E.
Following the reasoning of "expectation states theory", the present study was designed to answer three questions: (1) Is the task orientation of males and females different when they work on a task together? (2) Is the task orientation of males and females working on a task, separately, different? and, (3) If there are differences, will status theory account for them? Forty male and forty female high school students served as subjects in the study and were placed in several different mixed- and same-gender groups. The group task was a board game which required collective decision-making and allowed investigation of the effect of female status on the emergence of female leadership. Results showed that mixed-gender groups were more active than single-gender groups, and that when males engage in collective tasks with females they are excessively active. While the analysis helped dispel prevalent notions that males are, in fact, more task-oriented than females, it shed little light on the extent of status differentiation, based on gender, that occurs within groups. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D. C., March 30-April 3, 1975)