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ERIC Number: ED106727
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 49
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Socialization of Sex Roles In The Counseling Setting: Differential Counselor Behavioral and Attitudinal Responses to Typical and Atypical Female Sex Roles.
Shapiro, Johanna
This study attempted to determine whether counselor behavior and attitudes operated as a means of sex-role socialization, and whether male counselors tended to be more biased than female counselors when interacting with female clients. Eight male and eight female graduate students trained in role-playing situations representing a typical and an atypical sex-role condition. Videotapes of the interviews were analyzed to assess reinforcement patterns of counselors. Paper and pencil inventories were filled out. Contrary to expectations, results indicated that counselors exhibited more behavioral bias with typical than with atypical clients. Further, counselors reacted more positively toward the atypical than toward the typical clients. Female counselors appeared to be more reinforcing and less punishing than male counselors with female clients in both roles, as well as less behaviorally biased than the male counselors. The study concludes with a discussion of implications for counselor training and directions for further research. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March 30-April 3, 1975)