ERIC Number: ED106724
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Internal vs. External Determinants of Children's Perceptions of the Causes for Their Behavior.
Ames, Carole; Ames, Russell
The purpose of this study was to test an informational vs. a dispositional hypothesis in predicting how children resolve instances of attributional conflict. Sixty-four sixth grade boys served as subjects after scoring in the upper and lower quartile of the Intellectual Achievement Responsibility Scale (IAR). Each child performed two separate tasks in an individual setting. Each task contained a set of four puzzles. Children were asked to "explain" their outcome by attributing their performance to four causal factors: ability, effort, luck, and task. The findings indicated that attributional behavior in achievement settings could not be predicted entirely from informational cues or dispositional biases along. When confronted with consistency information or outcome information across trials in actual performance settings, the high and low motive groups did not act according to a simple predictable dispositional bias. A revision of the overall model was suggested, as well as suggestions for future research. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A