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ERIC Number: ED106703
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Reactive and Reciprocal Inhibition Therapies in the Group Treatment of Test Anxiety.
Kearney, Maureen
This experiment compares the effects of group reactive inhibition therapy and group reciprocal inhibition therapy with no treatment on the anxiety level of test-anxious college students. Twenty undergraduate students volunteered for the study and were assigned to either the reactive inhibition group, the reciprocal inhibition group, or the non-treatment control group. Sarason's Test Anxiety Scale (TAS), the IPAT Anxiety Scale and the Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) were administered to all subjects both before and after treatment in order to assess anxiety level. The reactive inhibition group met for five twenty-minute sessions. Treatment consisted of having subjects concentrate on scenes from a standardized hierarchy of anxiety-arousing test situations, while at the same time trying to increase any feelings of tension and bodily sensations they were experiencing. The reciprocal inhibition group met for five forty-minute sessions consisting of training in deep muscle relaxation, and imagining scenes from the standardized hierarchy while in this relaxed state. Results were inconclusive, with trends suggesting that the appropriate treatment is dependent upon the objective desired. (Author/CJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Sarason Test Anxiety Scale