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ERIC Number: ED106688
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in the Development of the Motive to Avoid Success, Sex Role Identity, and Performance in Competitive and Non-Competitive Conditions.
Romer, Nancy
Horner's study of the motive to avoid success (Ms) was replicated on fifth through eleventh grade males and females. Ss were given a TAT-like measure of Ms and a measure of sex role identity. They also performed a series of tasks in competitive and non-competitive conditions. No sex differences or clear age trends in Ms imagery were found; however, there were sex and grade differences in the reasons given for avoiding success. Ss, regardless of Ms status, performed better in non-competitive than competitive conditions. Developmental data show a tendency for ninth and eleventh grade females with Ms to perform better in non-competitive conditions, while older females without Ms perform better in competitive conditions. Eighth, ninth and eleventh grade males with Ms performed better in a competitive condition, while their peers without Ms performed better in a non-competitive condition. These results question that a relationship exists between Ms imagery and competitive performance for males and young females, but indicate such a relationship for older females. Sex role identity was not related to Ms, thus casting doubt on the notion that Ms is a direct function of feminity. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March, 1975)