ERIC Number: ED106497
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Work and Nonwork: A Review of Theory and Empirical Research. Technical Report No. 31.
Champoux, Joseph E.
The paper examines literature concerned with the relationship individuals form between experiences in their work and nonwork spheres, an issue which is most pronounced in societies where a marked separation exists between the institution of work and social institutions. The author identifies established theoretical models and evaluates empirical evidence for the relationship. The work-nonwork relationship is described by two basic models: spillover (a continuation of work experiences away from work), and compensatory (a reaction to work experiences that guides the selection of nonwork experiences). It has been pointed out by several sociologists that if work lacks meaning, the worker seeks meaning in leisure activities. Another implication is that bad work experiences (alienation) spill over to nonwork activities. Empirical research is classified into two groups: the relationship between work and activities in the nonwork sphere, and studies attempting to relate specific characteristics of people's jobs to their nonwork activities. The studies reviewed are discussed with respect to the spillover and compensatory relationship models. Conclusions and recommendations revolve around building upon past research and theories in constructing more in-depth studies of these relationships. (JB)
Descriptors: Cultural Context, Employee Attitudes, Employment, Job Satisfaction, Leisure Time, Literature Reviews, Models, Occupational Surveys, Recreational Activities, Relationship, Research, Social Adjustment, Social Development, Social Environment, Socioeconomic Influences, Vocational Adjustment, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Irvine. Graduate School of Administration.