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ERIC Number: ED106186
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Schooling, The Pledge Phenomenon and Social Control.
Freund, Eugene H.; Givner, Donna
Social control in school situations is a restrictive and constraining process that can take both overt and covert forms. Examples of both overt and unobtrusive control mechanisms include such things as study halls, student council, elementary school door guards, and substitute teachers. The recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance is one ritual of social control that has complex meaning and affect upon students. Forty-five children from several different elementary schools, when asked if they said the Pledge in class, how they felt about it, and what they considered the most important part of the Pledge, responded differently according to grade level. For primary level children it serves as a day-beginning ritual and gives the child an opportunity to excel, thereby gaining personal satisfaction, teacher and peer approval. For third and fourth graders it serves as a means of patriotic expression. In contrast, fifth and sixth graders reveal more apathy and derision for the ritual. Although some patriotic reasons continue, many mentioned participating because they view it as part of the school day or because their teacher insists upon it. Thus the Pledge is a convenient way to settle students down and instill social control through patriotic ritual. (Author/DE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A