ERIC Number: ED106143
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
The Programed Math Tutorial--Paraprofessionals Provide One-to-one Instruction in Primary School Mathematics.
Ronshausen, Nina L.
The "Programed Math Tutorial" is an approach to individualizing instruction through the use of tutoring by paraprofessionals and peer teaching. Designed for use in the primary grades, the program incorporates training tutors in the determination of acceptable or unacceptable answers. Tutors are given detailed instruction on the use of materials for making this determination. "No specialized knowledge of content or teaching methods is necdssary," and older children have been trained to use the materials in some situations. Three of these situations are described and compared in this paper. The individualized presentation of material by the tutor to the student involves presenting the criterion task first. If the student successfully performs this task, he moves to the next one. If not, the tutor employs "brightening" to help the child reach an acceptable response. Also, detailed record-keeping by the tutor allows a child to skip material already mastered when it occurs within a lesson. Sample pages from the "Programed Math Tutorial" are included as an appendix to this paper. (SD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March 30 - April 3, 1975)