ERIC Number: ED106123
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr-5
Reference Count: N/A
Development and Validation of Two Cognitive Preference Scales. Technical Report No. 5.
Behr, Merlyn J.; Eastman, Phillip M.
Two scales designed to measure cognitive preferences were constructed; this study was designed to validate these scales, and to investigate the relationship between instruction and cognitive preference. Items for both scales had elementary mathematics content. One scale was intended to measure deductive-inductive preference, the other figural-symbolic preference. Each scale was balanced in the sense that it contained equivalent items in each of the two relevant modes. After pilot testing, the scales were administered to 92 students in a mathematics course for elementary teachers, 38 students in an elementary mathematics methods course and 40 inservice elementary teachers. Validity was assessed by examination of reliability coefficients (KR-20's ranged from .85 to .91) and deviation from normality of score distribution (skewness, kurtosis). Analyses of variance showed that subject groups differed significantly (p less than .01) in their preferences. The authors discuss limitations as well as implications of the study. (SD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Mathematics Education Center.