ERIC Number: ED106099
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation of Student Characteristics as Related to Achievement in an Individualized High School Biology Program.
Littlefield, David L.
Reported is a study of possible differences in student characteristics between high, expected, and low achievers in an individualized learning biology program. Nine variables, ranging from biographical data through attitudinal data were studied. Effects on achievement and explanation of some of the differences were determined by examination of student responses to questionnaires that were developed to evaluate both the course and the teacher. The study included 406 students enrolled in 24 biology classes taught by 7 teachers. All students were required to complete 34 learning contracts. Psychometric inventories were used to obtain data concerning student characteristics. An author-constructed inventory was also used. Statistical analyses included group formation, testing of assumptions, discriminant analysis, cross validation and analysis of variance. The findings indicated that differences did exist between the three levels of achievers in the biology program as related to all the variables investigated. By combining a number of factors, a summary description characterizing each group was presented. Generalizations made indicated that educational goals should not be the same for all students, and individualization provides an environment that enables students to become responsible for their own learning. (Author/EB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Research. Basic Studies Div.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. School of Education.