ERIC Number: ED106013
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr-17
Reference Count: 0
Energy and Rural People and Agriculture.
Rural Housing Alliance, Washington, DC.; Rural America, Inc., Washington, DC.
Increasing energy dependency, high energy prices, and depleting energy sources have necessitated review of the nature of U.S. energy--who owns it; how we manage it; how and why we consume it; and what should be done about these patterns. Given the power wielded by the oil companies, the pressure of the national standard of living, and the lack of concentrated populations, rural areas are rendered especially vulnerable. But it is the nature of agricultural production patterns coupled with consumption patterns which best illustrate American energy vulnerability. When assessed in caloric terms, agricultural production and agricultural consumption are extremely expensive. The average American consumes approximately 3,300 calories and nearly 100 grams of protein a day which requires an additional 10,017 calories for production, making the U.S. daily caloric outlay 9,000 more than that of an East Indian who expands only 763 additional calories to produce 1,990 calories per day. Comprehensive reform should include a single National Office of Energy Research and Planning; public ownership of oil companies; funding at both State and Federal levels for alternative energy sources; consumer participation in nonprofit energy cooperatives; Federal programs; nationwide conservation and development of a learner lifestyle; and agricultural reforms to promote energy efficiency. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rural Housing Alliance, Washington, DC.; Rural America, Inc., Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the First National Conference on Rural America, Washington, D.C., April 14-17, 1975