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ERIC Number: ED105978
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Encoding Processes and Sex-Role Preferences. Developmental Program Report No. 48.
Kail, Robert V., Jr.; Levine, Laura
A total of 240, 7- and 10-year-olds were tested on memory and sex-role preference tasks. The memory task was the Wickens release from proactive inhibition paradigm in which short-term recall of words is tested on successive trials. On trials 1-4 words were selected from 1 of 2 categories, either words with masculine or feminine connotations. On trial 5 words were drawn from the second category. Sex-role preferences were assessed by asking the child to select his favorite pictures from an array that included masculine and feminine items. Recall by boys at both ages increased following a shift between words with masculine or feminine connotations, suggesting that this dimension of a word's meaning was encoded in memory. Recall by girls who selected a feminine item as their favorite on the sex-role preference task increased following a category shift; recall by girls who chose a masculine item did not increase. These results were discussed in relation to previous research on the attributes of encoding in children's memory. (Author/CS)
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104 (Report No. 48, $0.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Dept. of Psychology.