ERIC Number: ED105978
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Encoding Processes and Sex-Role Preferences. Developmental Program Report No. 48.
Kail, Robert V., Jr.; Levine, Laura
A total of 240, 7- and 10-year-olds were tested on memory and sex-role preference tasks. The memory task was the Wickens release from proactive inhibition paradigm in which short-term recall of words is tested on successive trials. On trials 1-4 words were selected from 1 of 2 categories, either words with masculine or feminine connotations. On trial 5 words were drawn from the second category. Sex-role preferences were assessed by asking the child to select his favorite pictures from an array that included masculine and feminine items. Recall by boys at both ages increased following a shift between words with masculine or feminine connotations, suggesting that this dimension of a word's meaning was encoded in memory. Recall by girls who selected a feminine item as their favorite on the sex-role preference task increased following a category shift; recall by girls who chose a masculine item did not increase. These results were discussed in relation to previous research on the attributes of encoding in children's memory. (Author/CS)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Concept Formation, Developmental Psychology, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Identification (Psychology), Individual Differences, Language Classification, Memory, Pictorial Stimuli, Self Concept, Sex Differences, Sex Role, Task Analysis
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104 (Report No. 48, $0.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Dept. of Psychology.