ERIC Number: ED105669
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Language Learning of Children as a Function of Sensory Mode of Presentation and Reinforcement Procedure.
Oyer, Herbert J.; Frankmann, Judith P.
Programed training filmstrips from Project LIFE (Language Instruction to Facilitate Education) were used with 114 hearing impaired children and 15 normal hearing language impaired children (4- to 13-years old) to assess the effects of auditory supplementation and a token reinforcement program on language learning and to investigate retention and relearning after a 3 to 6 month interval. Ss were assigned to either a visual or audiovisual training modality and subdivided further into a token or non-token reinforcement condition. Evaluation measures included periodic administration of receptive and expressive generalization tests to measure transfer of learning. Among conclusions were that primary students benefited from auditory supplementation of the Project LIFE filmstrips, that Ss using Project LIFE showed no additional benefit from an extrinsic token reinforcement system, and that Ss retained the receptive language skills acquired during Project LIFE instruction over an interval of at least 6 months. (Appended are receptive and expressive generalization tests used in the study.) (LS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Dept. of Audiology and Speech Sciences.