ERIC Number: ED105668
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Deaf English--An Investigation of the Written English Competence of Deaf Adolescents. Technical Report No. 236.
Charrow, Veda R.
Presented is support for the existence of "Deaf English," a non-standard dialect common to the prelingually deaf; and reported is an investigation of the written English competence of deaf adolescents. In the first half of the document the author discusses the historical background of deaf education and the linguistic and cognitive abilities of the deaf; focuses on the linguistic competence of the deaf in sign language, English, and idiosyncratic (gesture) language (offering evidence that the deaf learn English as a foreign language); and describes some common "deafisms", comparing them with constructions found in non-standard dialects and pidgins. Reported is an investigation in which the performance of 15 profoundly prelingually deaf junior high school students on 2 written repetition tasks in "Deaf English" (DE) and Standard English (SE) was compared to the performance of nine fourth grade hearing controls. Among findings noted are that deaf Ss committed significantly more errors in SE than normal children 5 years younger; that the deaf Ss found the DE sentences no easier than the SE sentences to recall and repeat correctly. It is concluded that there is a variety of non-standard English that the deaf use instead of SE, and data on language patterns of the deaf are presented. (LS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Mathematical Studies in Social Science.
Note: For related information see EC 060 574