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ERIC Number: ED105533
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Dec
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Validity and Credibility Gaps in the Johnson Administration Case for Commitment to Vietnam, 1964-1967.
Sproule, J. Michael
The Johnson Administration rationale for commitment to Vietnam was supported by a series of claims about the nature of the Vietnam war and the logic of U.S. involvement in it. This paper states and supports the thesis that the exaggerated tone of certainty in the administration case for commitment had a dual effect, undermining both the rhetorical validity and the effectiveness of the government viewpoint. Stephen Tolmin's "Layout of Arguments," together with his analysis probability in argumentation provide a vehicle for analyzing both the validity and the effectiveness of Johnson Administration efforts to ascribe close to absolute certainty to its argumentative claims. A brief prototype discussion of Toulmin's layout is included and related to specific quotes from the Johnson Administration concerning the Vitenam war. It is concluded from this discussion that criticism of the war centered on perceived discrepancies between the claims of and the reservations about the administration's case for commitment. Vocal protest arose from a perception that the administration engaged in overstated propaganda, and critical commentary became an effort to identify and publicize suppressed information. (TS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Vietnam