ERIC Number: ED105479
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Coding, Ordering, and Retrieving Information from Sentences. Final Report.
Reynolds, Allan G.
Four experiments are reported which examine the role of phrase structure, memory load, concreteness of materials and other variables in the recall of meaningful English sentences. Several major findings are reported. Concreteness of the stimulus materials consistently is an aid to recall; although this is predicted from an imagery interpretation of the coding of concrete materials, some of the results are at odds with such a theory. Children as young as six years seem to chunk sentences for recall essentially the same as adults; however, the storage systems seemed to differ. No relation to functional knowledge of grammar was found. Results from two experiments question the adequacy of a theory that depends heavily on surface structure of the sentence as a medium for storage. The general discussion proposes that at least four interactive processes are necessary to explain the obtained recall results. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH.