ERIC Number: ED105447
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Labeling and Meaningfulness on Children's Pictorial Discrimination Learning; Report from the Project on Children's Learning and Development. Technical Report No. 331.
Makoid, Lois A.
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of real and nonsense pictures with no labels, high-frequency labels, or low-frequency labels in discrimination learning of young children. The subjects were 102 second-grade children randomly selected from several classrooms located in a semi-rural community in Wisconsin. The subjects were assigned to one of six experimental conditions: real pictures with no labels provided; nonsense pictures with either no labels, high-frequency labels, or low-frequency labels provided; and high-frequency and low-frequency printed words. Thirteen pairs of pictures of words, established in a norming study, were utilized in each condition. Each subject was tested individually in a vacant classroom. The results indicated that the picture-over-word effect was operating. There was a slight increase in performance due to labeling the nonsense type picture. However, there was little or no indication of a word-frequency effect. (WR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.