ERIC Number: ED105441
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Size and Abstractness of Picture Symbols (Rebuses) on Visual Matching and Learning to Label. IMRID Papers and Reports, Volume IV, No. 16.
Gropper, Robert; Woodcock, Richard W.
This study was divided into two parts: the primary purpose of the visual discrimination study was to examine the relationship between four rebus sizes and discriminability; and the primary purpose of the auditory visual association study was to examine the relationship between four sizes of rebus symbols and the ability to associate them with their aural counterparts. Subjects used in the visual discrimination task were twenty children drawn from the kindergarten class of the Peabody Demonstration School. Twenty rebus symbols were divided into groups of "concrete" and "abstract" and then further divided into four subsets according to size. In the discrimination task the students attempted to match each rebus with an exact duplicate using a teaching machine. In the second experiment, the auditory association study, the same subjects were used. A similar procedure was done with a tape recorder. The results indicated that size was not a significant factor in the number of errors made in discrimination or association, and degree of abstractness was a significant factor in the association study. (TS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Inst. on Mental Retardation and Intellectual Development.