ERIC Number: ED105346
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Antecedents of Academic Performance and Educational Attainment. Final Report.
Kerckhoff, Alan C.
An attempt was made in 1974 to locate a group of boys originally studied in 1969 when they were ninth graders in the Fort Wayne, Indiana public schools. In 1974, information about high school academic performance was obtained for over 90 percent and educational attainment data were obtained for about 80 percent of the sample. Information obtained in 1969 has been used to explain these two outcomes. Although 49-58 percent of the variance in both academic performance and educational attainment has been explained for both blacks and whites, very different patterns of explanation result for the two races. The socioeconomic status of the boys' families is a powerful source of explanation for whites but not for blacks. In contrast, early nonacademic school experiences and the desire for educational attainment assume much greater explanatory significance for blacks than whites. Overall, the performances and attainments of whites follow more fully an orderly process reflecting familial support and academic continuity while those of blacks are much more discontinuous and influenced by extrafamilial and nonacademic factors during the secondary school years. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A