ERIC Number: ED105321
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Jun-7
Reference Count: 0
The Earnings Gap: Research Needs and Issues.
Sawhill, Isabel V.
As almost everyone knows, the earnings gap between men and women is very large. In 1972, the average woman earned only 58 percent as much as the average man when both worked full time. The author directs her discussion toward the large volume of research on the topic of the earnings gap and points to areas where further work might be done. She discusses the fact that the occupational distribution itself may be a symptom of unequal opportunity. In other words, one needs to ask why women with educational preparation and other characteristics similar to men end up in lower paying jobs and establishments. An interesting study was quoted which found that many women have high aspirations but low expectations with respect to occupational achievement, and that behavior is based more on their expectations about what they can realistically hope to accomplish than on their aspirations. The author also suggests that researchers think more about what kind of analyses might be useful to those government agencies responsible for monitoring equal employment opportunities or equal pay. She concludes by mentioning research issues related to the social impact of the earning gap. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Workshop on Research Needed to Improve the Employment and Employability of Women (Washington, D.C., June 1974); For related documents, see CG 009 690 and 692