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ERIC Number: ED105302
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Feb
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Influencing Interaction and Outcomes in Group Psychotherapy.
Wogan, Michael; And Others
This paper discusses the effects of pretraining counseling clients for group therapy sessions. In an attempt to speed the group process and give maximum coverage to all college students requesting group therapy, pretraining experiences were given to members of three experimental groups and were compared to one control group. The experimental conditions were: (1) there was no active input from experimenter, and the group was left alone "to get to know one another"; (2) subjects listened to tapes which explained some of the goals of group therapy and were allowed to role-play; (3) structured T-group experiences were provided. The findings suggested, first, that the types of pretreatments employed were relatively ineffective in influencing the subsequent process in the groups. The interactions in the groups seemed to be much more highly influenced by the activity, or lack of it, on the part of the leader. More active leaders tended to have groups in which discussion centered on personal material, while less active leaders had groups in which discussion centered on impersonal topics. Groups which rated themselves as most improved tended to be those in which there was more discussion of personal feelings and where the leader was more active. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Group Psychotherapy Association (31st, New York, New York, February 1974)