ERIC Number: ED105028
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Conflict, Adaptive Community Organization, and Educational Participation.
Phillips, W. M., Jr.
The purpose of this paper is to report on part of a research study designed to learn about the interrelationships of racial conflict, change in the institutionalization of social power within an educational system, and adaptive organization of the black community within Newark, New Jersey between 1958 and 1972. The central fact informing the participation of the black community in educational affairs of Newark is that power is institutionalized, as are the rules which govern and influence the educational system. The significant question then becomes how did the black community, between 1958 and 1972, organize to deal with this fact, and with what success. The approach adopted here features an orientation toward black group survival, and successful adaptation with scarce resources, within a particular situational context. The emergent organizational structure and the strategic designs for inducing social change created by the black community, while coping with the pattern of environmental stress of particular situational conditions and forces, are the dominant orientations of this approach. The consequences of black participation in a particular sphere of public policy determination, and the processes and structures contributing to such consequences, were the focus of this work. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Black Community, Community Characteristics, Community Influence, Community Involvement, Community Surveys, Conflict, Educational Policy, Policy Formation, Political Power, Public Policy, Racial Relations, School Community Relationship, School Districts, Urban Education
Dr. W. M. Phillips, Jr., Bureau of Educational Research, Graduate School of Education, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 07103 (Price not quoted)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington D.C., April 1975)