ERIC Number: ED105020
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Fertility Determinants: A Theory, Evidence, and an Application to Policy Evaluation.
Schultz, T. Paul
This report surveys the first generation of theoretical and empirical research on the determinants of parent "demand" for children. A large fraction of this literature was first published as Rand reports and papers. The pragmatic question discussed here is the strengths and shortcomings of the state of the art in economic analysis of fertility determinants. Efforts to view fertility as a response to time and resource constraints and market determined exchange prices have begun to yield a substantial and largely consistent literature of empirical investigations. Section 2 outlines the evaluation of this framework for analyzing fertility, and Section 4 evaluates the estimated magnitude and importance of several of the apparently causal relationships assumed by this framework. Section 3 briefly reviews the problems of statistically modeling reproductive behavior and estimating model parameters. In Section 5 it is argued that if the evaluation of population policy interventions is to become a more precise science, analysis should focus on fertility and not contraceptive services. Section 6 summarizes the empirical results from various evaluation studies of the Taiwan Family Planning Program. The final section considers how the demand approach to fertility determinants might help in the future to choose among broad types of policy interventions. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan