ERIC Number: ED104895
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Situational Attitude Scale (SAS) as an Attitude Measurement Tool for Adults Involved in Extension 4-H-Youth Programs.
Whaples, Gene C.
Recognizing that the first step in compliance with the 1964 Civil Rights Act requires the identification of racial attitudes, the Extension 4-H and Youth program utilized the Situational Attitude Scale (SAS) to assess the attitudes of its white professional staff toward blacks. This concern is based in part on the Extension's commitment to a "balanced programming" where services are delivered independent of income, race, creed, sex, or location of residence. Subjects were 351 professional and volunteer leaders attending 4-H workshops. Approximately 40 percent of the subjects were male and 60 percent female, with a majority of subjects in the 30-50 age group. Subjects were administered either Form A or Form B of Sedlacek and Brooks' SAS which presents 10 personal and social situations in which race might be a variable in a reaction to a situation. Form A and B differed only in the insertion of the word "black" in Form B situations. Results indicate that the insertion of "black" significantly influenced negative responses in situations requiring close social contact. Positive responses occurred in situations where blacks performed in a service role. Instructions and situations from the SAS and principal components factor loadings of both forms of the SAS are included. (BJG)
Descriptors: Adults, Attitude Measures, Blacks, Civil Rights, Factor Analysis, Item Analysis, Professional Personnel, Racial Attitudes, Racial Discrimination, Racial Factors, Racial Relations, Semantic Differential, Situational Tests, Social Bias, Staff Development, Statistical Analysis, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Whites
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Cooperative Extension Service.; Extension Service (USDA), Washington, DC.; National Four-H Club Foundation, Washington, DC.