ERIC Number: ED104767
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Alice Barrows and the Platoon School, 1920-1940.
Mohl, Raymond A.
The platoon school plan, originally developed in Gary, Indiana, appealed to Progressives in the 1920's for both its administrative efficiency and achievement of a creative humanistic, and democratic education. Students were divided into two sections, and while one section filled all the classrooms and studied academic subjects during the morning hours, the second utilized the rest of the school facility in more specialized activities such as art, music, dancing, dramatics, scientific experiments, athletics, workshops, and library work. In the afternoon the two groups switched. In the 1920's Alice Barrows, in her position at the U. S. Office of Education, moved to the forefront as the most aggressive national publicist for the platoon school plan. Barrows supported the plan not because of its efficiency, but because it humanized instruction, permitted the child to be treated naturally as a human being, and developed the child's individuality. In the late 20's and 30's Barrows' ideological position on the platoon system shifted from moderate reform to the extreme left, as she focused on the plan as a means for egalitarian social change. (Author/DE)
Descriptors: Change Agents, Change Strategies, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Innovation, Educational Methods, Educational Policy, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education, Flexible Scheduling, Humanistic Education, Progressive Education, School Activities, School Organization, School Schedules
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D. C., April 1975)