ERIC Number: ED104755
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Gary Schools and Progressive Education in the 1920's.
Cohen, Ronald D.
The Gary, Indiana, public schools, under the supervision of William A. Wirt (1907-1938), were the most written about, analyzed, and praised of any "progressive" school system in the 1920's. Although the system was criticized in a survey made by the Rockefeller Foundation in 1918, Gary, Indiana, schools continued in their progressive mold during the 1920's. Wirt always tried new schemes to broaden the schools' influence in and control over the community. The basic structure of the Gary system included a design to mold the individual's character as well as provide training in cognitive and manual skills. Innovations in the system included elaborate school facilities; extensive playground space; diverse curricular and extracurricular activities; vocational and recreational equipment; Saturday, summer, and night activities; vocational education; "individualized" instruction; ability grouping; and letter grading. Yet the concept of educational opportunities for all was not a reality even in the progressive Gary system. The majority of black students were in separate, physically inferior schools and were channeled into vocational careers. Even with the many innovations, the economically disadvantaged or culturally different usually came out at the bottom. (Author/DE)
Descriptors: Curriculum, Educational History, Educational Innovation, Educational Methods, Educational Objectives, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Educational Theories, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Progressive Education, Racial Segregation, School Activities, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indiana