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ERIC Number: ED104672
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Mar
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Utilizing Three Types of Advance Organizers for Learning a Biological Concept in Seventh Grade Science.
Lucas, Stephen B.; Fowler, H. Seymour
This study concerns determining whether three types of advance organizers (visual, audio, or written) had any effect upon learning a biological concept as measured by a constructed achievement test and whether advance organizers are more effective across learner variables of I.Q., abstract reasoning and sex. One hundred twenty randomly selected seventh-grade students were stratified on the basis of I.Q. scores and assigned to one of four treatment groups which included an audio advance organizer group, a visual organizer group, a written organizer group and a control. The constructed testing instrument was a 30-item multiple choice test and ANOVA was used to analyze the results. The results indicated that the use of advance organizers did not significantly affect the learning of the biological concept and that no interactive effects of I.Q., abstract reasoning or sex differences had any effect upon treatment. Subjective data obtained in interviews indicated that advance organizers presumably facilitate the learning of the biological concepts. (Author/BR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (48th, Los Angeles, California, March 1975); Best Copy Available