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ERIC Number: ED104628
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Nov-20
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Bilingual Education for Indians and Inuit: The Canadian Experience.
Gooderham, G. Kent
The 1867 British North America Act consigned responsibility for the education of Canadian Indians and Inuit to the Federal Government, but churches ran the schools until the post-World War II period. Government policy from 1948 until 1969 encouraged the integration of Native children into provincial educational systems. In 1969 the Government proposed that all services for Native people be provided through the same agencies serving the majority of citizens. Native people rejected this proposal and in 1972 demanded control of their educational system in order to preserve their cultural identity. The Federal Government accepted the principle of Indian control of Indian education. Canadian acceptance of cultural pluralism is reflected in official support for developmental studies of indigenous languages. Language programs were developed to enable initial literacy in indigenous languages, with English or French becoming the language of instruction by grade 4. Where parents request, the native language may continue to be taught thereafter. Qualified staff shortages are being tackled through various innovative training programs for Native teachers and paraprofessionals. Efforts are underway to encourage the inclusion of Native languages in provincial curricula and to develop instructional materials and strategies by consulting Native parents and organizations. (Author/NQ)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada