ERIC Number: ED104122
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Searle's Conditions and the Determination of Illocutionary Force. Centrum: Working Papers of the Minnesota Center for Advanced Studies in Language, Style and Literary Theory, Vol. 1, No. 2.
Two approaches to the problem of determining the illocutionary force(s) of a sentence are examined: Gordon and Lakoff's (1971) "Conversational Postulates," and Fraser's (1973) "On Accounting for Illocutionary Forces"; their relation to Searle's conditions is discussed. It is argued that Gordon and Lakoff's analysis can be strengthened by incorporating Searle's conditions; but that Fraser's analysis suffers intractable difficulties, and draws on dubious evidence and sample analyses. Finally, Searle's conditions themselves are restudied, together with his rules for reference and prediction, to determine what aspects of those conditions are distinctive to the motion of the illocutionary act. It appears that the essence of the illocutionary act lies in an intent on the part of the speaker to perform some perlocutionary act; and therefore some revision of Searle's division of the speech act is suggested. (Author)
Descriptors: Deep Structure, Generative Grammar, Grammar, Linguistic Theory, Sentence Structure, Speech, Surface Structure, Syntax, Transformational Generative Grammar
Centrum, 207 Main Engineering Bldg., University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 ($2.00 per issue)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis.