ERIC Number: ED103728
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Attitudes of Guidance Counselors in Western Pennsylvania High Schools Toward Medicine as a Career Choice for Women.
Schuck, Robert F.; And Others
This study sought to determine the attitudes of guidance counselors toward the entrance of women into the profession of medicine. In order to answer this broad question two research methods were employed. The counselors were given a paired comparisons task, i.e., they were asked to make 66 choices among 12 high school students to determine who they felt would be most successful in medical school. To supplement this data, both counselors and women medical students at the University of Pittsburgh were interviewed and their answers analyzed. One conclusion reached by the study was that the sex of a potential medical school applicant was not a significant variable in the perceptions of the high school counselors when taken with other more obvious academic considerations. The data from this study also support the conclusion that counselors do not play an active role in the student's decision-making process; rather, they facilitate it by providing information. A misconception by most counselors was that career decisions were not made until late in college, whereas over 50 percent of the women interviewed made their decisions before or during high school. Several recommendations for further study in the area are included. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Fund for Medical Education, Cleveland, OH.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Div. of Research in Medical Education.