ERIC Number: ED103661
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Matching of Men to Jobs: Mechanisms and Consequences for Organizations and Individuals. Discussion Papers No. 212-74.
Kalleberg, Arne L.; Sorensen, Aage B.
In an industrial society, jobs and men can be conceived of as separate entities that are brought together through a matching process. In this paper the "goodness-of-fit" between the individual and the job is taken as problematic and is used as an explanatory concept for both the reactions of individuals to their jobs (job satisfaction, stress, turnover) and for the response of the organization to characteristics of its members (conflict, need for control and communication). It is argued that the distribution of jobs according to characteristics sought out by individuals in the matching process (such as status, income, autonomy) is determined quite independently from the forces that determine the supply of individuals according to the value they place on various characteristics of jobs and the skills they possess. In the matching process the outcome is determined by the relative bargaining power of individuals and organizations and the distribution of information about jobs and men. The psychological impact of discrepancies between jobs and men on individuals is analyzed as well as the reaction of organizations to various types of discrepancies. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (Montreal, Quebec, August 1974)