ERIC Number: ED103562
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Development and Labor Adjustment in the Mississippi Delta and Ozarks of Arkansas: A Summary Report. Bulletin 795.
Grinstead, Mary Jo; And Others
This report is a blend or summary of six reports that dealt with rural development, especially labor adjustment, in the Ozark and Delta regions of Arkansas. The studies were initiated mainly at the request of policy makers in the Delta and Ozarks areas of Arkansas. Several writers have suggested that "culture of poverty" is a major deterrent to upward job mobility of the economically deprived. Responses to scales, and related questions, by low income groups in both regions gave little support to the "culture of poverty" explanation. Rather, tangible factors such as lack of suitable transportation and poor health were clearly evident. The phenomenon of high labor turnover was also clearly evident. Efforts to explain the high rates were applied to a sample of persons in the Delta. Test questions, formulated by Herzberg in the management field, were used to see what was causing job satisfaction and dissatisfaction. The finding was that preconditions for employee satisfaction were available, but the motivators (praise, recognition, etc.) that release the better and best efforts of employees seemed to be at a low level. The evidence pointed to the need for consultants to work especially with supervisors of factory workers to create a work environment with improved social aspects. Rural industrialization cannot be viewed as a cure-all for the poverty problems of rural areas. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Fayetteville.; Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Economic Development Div.