ERIC Number: ED103410
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Student-Led Discussion Groups to Teacher-Led Discussion Groups of Teaching College Introductory Health Courses.
Rabe, Alan N.
The purpose of this study was to compare the knowledge and attitude test results of a student-led discussion group in two college-level introductory health courses. The 70 students enrolled in the courses were divided into eight groups represented as equally as possible concerning sex, age, year, and major in school. Student discussion leaders were chosen by democratic and volunteer methods. Students were pre- and posttested with the Kilander Health Knowledge test and the Meise Scale for Measurement of Attitudes toward Healthful Living. Based on results of the analysis and interpretation of the data, the conclusions were the following: (a) student-led discussion groups appeared to be at least as effective in transferring knowledge as teacher-led discussion groups; (b) student-led discussion groups seemed to be as effective in developing positive attitudes towards healthful living as teacher-led discussion groups; (c) a variety of teaching methods should be used in teaching, since many students in both teacher-led and student-led discussion groups did not respond appropriately in knowledge gain or attitude change; and (d) direct contact with the teacher is not always mandatory for desired learning to take place, since the student-led groups were without the teacher approximately one-third of the class time but resulted in similar gains in knowledge and changes in attitudes as the teacher-led groups. (PB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Scientific Forum of the American School Health Association (Chicago, Illinois, October 1973)