ERIC Number: ED103347
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Apr-1
Reference Count: 0
A Critique of the Special Fitness Test.
Speakman, Haddon G. B.
In 1967, an investigation into the utility of the Youth Fitness Test for mentally retarded children found that only four of the seven items were suitable. The other three (pull-ups, sit-ups, and the 600-yard run/walk), were modified to establish the Special Fitness Test for the mentally retarded. This test, however, was used only with educable mentally retarded children. The purpose of the present study was to determine if this same test could be used with trainable mentally retarded children. It was found that the following three items were unsuitable for the population in the study: (a) flexed-arm hand, (b) sit-up, and (c) shuttle run. Each item in the test was analyzed and the following suggestions were made: (a) the flexed-arm hang should be replaced by another item designed to measure arm and shoulder girdle strength, (b) the shuttle run should be replaced by another item designed to measure agility, (c) the softball throw should be dropped, and (d) the remaining four items should be retained but modified to make them more suitable for trainable mentally retarded children. (PB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented at the 89th Annual Convention of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (Anaheim, California, April 1, 1974)