ERIC Number: ED103333
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Nov-21
Reference Count: 0
Selected Early Childhood Affective Social Studies Programs: An Analysis of Theories, Structure, and Consistency.
Martorella, Peter H.
This paper probes the structure of several different sets of "affective" early childhood materials. "Affective materials" are defined as those that ask children to look into their own personalities, to consider personal reaction to subject matter, or to consider the reactions of others in a set of circumstances. Four sets of commercially available, preschool-grade 3 level social studies-related material are analyzed with respect to (1) structural characteristics, (2) specified learning outcomes, (3) theoretical bases, and (4) degree of consistency. The degree of consistency includes a check of the integration of the foregoing three frames of reference and the results of classroom field-tests to see if the material "works" without the intervention of extensive teacher training. The results of this analysis suggest some caveats to consumers and raise some issues for curriculum theorists: (1) a failure to operationalize objectives consistently within the theoretical bases and broad goals of the programs in pervasive and (2) sensitivity experience, group process training, and a firm theoretical foundation are necessary for teachers to fullfill the roles specified within the materials. Comparative data is included on the Human Development Program from the Human Development Training Institute; Dimensions of Personality from Pflaum/Standard Publishing Company; First Things: Values from Guidance Associates; and Developing Understanding of Self and Othes from American Guidance Service. (JH)
Descriptors: Affective Objectives, Behavior Theories, Comparative Analysis, Curriculum Design, Curriculum Evaluation, Early Childhood Education, Educational Theories, Elementary Education, Group Dynamics, Humanistic Education, Individual Development, Instructional Materials, Social Studies, Teacher Education, Values
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: A paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Council for the Social Studies, College and University Faculty Association (San Francisco, California, November 1973)