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ERIC Number: ED103297
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jan
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Children Philosophical Thinking: An Introduction to the Teacher's Manual for "Harry Stottlemeier's Discovery."
Lipman, Matthew; Sharp, Ann Margaret
This booklet introduces elementary school teachers to the methodology, climate, aims, and objectives necessary for the teaching of philosophical thinking to grade schoolers. The methodology casts the teacher as a facilitator whose primary task is stimulating children to reason about their own problems. The discussion process with hints and guides for the teacher is emphasized. Through the process the teacher tries to bring children to perceive the points of view of others and to give reasons for their own opinions. Prerequisite conditions that the teacher needs to establish for fruitful discussion include avoidance of indoctrination, respect for children's opinions, and evocation of children's trust. Among the aims for the teaching of philosophical thinking are improvement of reasonging ability, development of creativity, and personal development. Another goal that makes philosophical thinking a conscience activity is discovering the tools of philosophical thinking -- alternatives, impartiality, consistency, reasons for beliefs, comprehensiveness, and contextual factors. "Harry Stottlemeier's Discovery" (SO 008 127) is the children's story to be used as a springboard for philosophical discussion. A teacher's manual is forthcoming. (JH)
Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children, Montclair State College, Upper Montclair, New Jersey 07043 ($1.25 paper, quantity discounts upon request)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: SO 008 124, 125, and 127 are related documents; Reproduced from best copy available