ERIC Number: ED103168
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Determination: First Steps.
The year 1974 marked the first full year in which the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) officially embarked on a policy of advising and assisting American Indian tribes to assume the administration of their own affairs (self-determination). It seeks to strengthen and stabilize tribal governments while continuing to maintain and fulfill its trust responsibilities. BIA trust responsibilities consist of protecting the Indians' land, water, minerals, forests, and other resources. Some positive accomplishments regarding these responsibilities have been the three-stage format for inventorying water resources affecting reservations; the Catalog of Rights Issues, which identifies a multitude of Indian rights problems; the Menominee Restoration; and the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. In the area of education, new initiatives are emerging such as more community involvement. Indian services provided by the BIA include: (1) the Tribal Government Development Program, which encourages the growth of self-determination by using program funds to establish effective tribal governments; (2) the implementation of the court decision which restored the off-reservation fishing rights of 14 tribes in western Washington State; (3) housing for Alaska Natives; (4) faster action on roll appeals; and (5) development of tribal resources, such as setting up new enterprises and expanding old ones. (NQ)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.