ERIC Number: ED103135
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Jun-20
Reference Count: N/A
Manpower Policies for Residents of Lower-Income Rural and Semi-Rural Counties.
Around 1,000 rural and semi-rural counties are suffering from decreased demand for farm labor and the lack of new nonfarm jobs, resulting in underemployment, low income, frustration, and out-migration. Manpower policies dealing with the economic opportunity of residents of rural, nonfarm areas often overlook two important aspects of the problem: (1) Uniform national, monetary, and fiscal policies at the Federal level, and specific policies dealing directly with individual households and firms at the local level, leap-frog over the regional, multicounty dimensions of the problem. (2) Policies often depend on indirect routes of attack with a consequent favorable multiplier effect. For example, we promote growth in centers of economic activity and hope for multiplicative benefits in the hinterlands. Manpower policies need to be evaluated in terms of actual and anticipated impacts on: (1) the overall national economic climate; (2) individual firms and households; (3) geographically dispersed populations; and (4) the community facilities and institutions of the economic region in which the target group lives, shops, and works. Manpower policies need to be implemented with an understanding of the regional variations in unemployment and underemployment pointing more directly to target populations and relying less on indirect policies with hoped-for benefits. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.