ERIC Number: ED103102
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Modeling and Interrogative Strategies.
Denney, Douglas R.
Three studies to determine the effects of adult models on interrogative strategies of children (ages 6-11) are reviewed. Two issues are analyzed: (1) the comparative effectiveness of various types of modeling procedures for changing rule-governed behaviors, and (2) the interaction between observational learning and the developmental level of the observing child. It was concluded from this series of studies that cognitive models are more effective than exemplary models. In addition, exemplary models were found to be capable of eliciting constraint-seeking questions (which help in "narrowing in" on a correct answer) from children who already possessed the generalized format of such questions within their repertoires. However, exemplary models have proven to be ineffective in provoking such questions among children lacking the covert search strategies and conceptual partitioning behaviors which go into constraint-seeking. Cognitive modeling has been effective in bringing about constraint-seeking in children who, by virtue of being in the initial phases of the transition from hypotheses-scanning to constraint-seeking, do not possess the component skills underlying constraint-seeking. Cognitive models, in addition, have effected increases not only in constraint-seeking but also in problem-solving efficiency. (CS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, Aug. 30-Sept. 3, 1974)