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ERIC Number: ED102680
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jan
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Concepts of Leadership.
Spiess, Jack
The oldest literary efforts on the subject of leadership view the leader as a person with certain describable traits. Despite intensive study, however, researchers have been unable to develop any meaningful list of leadership attributes. Empirical studies suggest that leadership is a dynamic process that varies with changes in leaders, followers, and situations. Analysis of leadership, then, should involve not only study of leaders as individuals but also of the circumstances and groups involved in a specific situation. Current literature seems to support this situational-functional approach to leadership study. Using this approach, a distinction can be made between leadership activities that contribute to the achievement of some specific group goal (the "initiating structure" function) and those that maintain and strengthen the group itself (the "consideration" function). Initiating structure and consideration are separate and distinct dimensions of leadership, and the behavior of a leader can be described as any mix of these two functions. However, the behavior of the most effective leader usually can be described as high in both dimensions. (Author/JG)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A