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ERIC Number: ED102638
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Dec
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Where Is Argument?
Brockriede, Wayne
Argument can be defined as a process whereby people reason their way from one set of problematic ideas to the choice of another. This definition implies three primary dimensions; argument is problematic, it is based on the perceptions and choices of people, and its rationality is grounded in a variable logic of more or less rather than a categorical logic of yes or no. Six characteristics of argument along this construct include (1) an inferential leap from existing beliefs to the adoption of a new belief or the reinforcement of an old one; (2) a perceived rationale to support that leap--an arguer must accept reasons why the claim leaped to is worthy at least of being entertained; (3) a choice among two or more competing options; (4) a regulation of uncertainty--if people have too little uncertainty to regulate, they have no problems to solve and argument isn't necessary; (5) a willingness to risk confrontation of a claim with peers; and (6) a frame of reference shared optimally--arguers must share to an optimal degree elements of one another's world views. (HOD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (Chicago, December, 1974)