ERIC Number: ED102622
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Nov
Reference Count: 0
An Exploratory Investigation of Diffused Point Arrival Time and Source Credibility.
Baxter, Leslie A.; Ward, Jean M.
Because much conjecture (but limited empirical research) exists about the nonverbal variable to time, this exploratory study investigated the effects of differential arrival times on four dimensions of source credibility: sociability, dynamism, competence, and composure. Subjects were 84 educational secretaries with a mean age of 49 years. Each subject completed 25 semantic differential credibility scales for each of three arrival times: 15 minutes early, on time, and 15 minutes late. Data were analyzed with factor analysis, analyses of variance, and appropriate Scheffe tests. Results showed that: (1) the late arriver is perceived as less sociable and less competent than early or on-time arrivers; (2) the early arriver is perceived as less dynamic than the late or on-time arrivers; and (3) the on-time arriver is perceived as most composed while the late arriver is perceived as least composed. (Author/TS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Speech Communication Association (Albuquerque, New Mexico, November 1973)