ERIC Number: ED102537
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Instructions, Orienting Tasks and Intentionality on Prose Retention.
Arkes, Hal R.; Schumacher, Gary M.
The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the effects of various orienting tasks on the recall of prose material. In particular, subjects were asked to read a prose passage while performing either a semantic (outlining the material) or a nonsemantic (circling e's) orienting task under either incidental or intentional recall instructions. The subjects were 180 male and female undergraduate Ohio University students. All subjects were shown an election game, "Mr. President." The subjects were then presented with a written description of the presidential candidates which they were to read with the experimenter. The subjects were divided into nine groups. Four groups were to outline the passage and four were to circle all the e's. Half of each of these groups were to try to recall the material (intentional groups) and half were not (incidental groups). A final group was provided with intentional instructions but no orienting task. The results indicated that the conditions under which various orienting tasks are carried out influence the subject's recall performance. There was increased recall in the intentional as compared to the incidental groups. (WR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March 30-April 3, 1975)