ERIC Number: ED102535
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-May
Reference Count: 0
Sex, Intelligence, and School Reading Curriculum as Factors Effecting the Retention of Reading Skills of First Grade Subjects.
Rude, Robert T.
The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which first grade subjects retain their reading ability over the summer vacation period. The subjects consisted of 545 first grade children, representing all first graders in nine elementary schools from four northeastern Wisconsin school districts. The subjects were divided into two curriculum categories: those receiving objective-based instruction (designed to give instruction to children when there is a need) and those instructed in the basal reader curricula. To determine the degree of retention, mean spring-fall test scores on standardized tests of all subjects were compared. Sex of subject, intelligence, and school curriculum were also examined to determine whether these variables influenced the ability of subjects to retain overall reading ability or reading skills. The results indicated that there were no significant differences in retention ability between males and females, between the retention scores of subjects in the objective-based program or the basal reader curricula, and between groups in ability to retain information. Significant losses were found on both measures of overall reading ability (vocabulary and comprehension) and nine of the twelve tests measuring specific reading skills. (WR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (20th, New York City, May 13-16, 1975)