ERIC Number: ED102502
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
An Examination of the Practical Import of the Von Restorff Effect.
Smart, Kim L.; Bruning, James L.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of underlining on material which subjects were expected to learn. The subjects were 120 female undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory psychology course. All subjects were presented with a booklet containing instructions on the first page followed by a passage of approximately 700 words about the Isle of Capri. The experimental conditions consisted of: relevant underlining by experimenter, relevant underlining by the subject, irrelevant underlining by experimenter, and irrelevant underlining by subject. Relevancy was defined as being those words which were the correct alternatives to the test questions. A control group received the passage on Capri with no underlining included by the experimenter, and the subject was not permitted to underline. The results indicated that when relevant material was underlined, performance was better than when irrelevant material was underlined. The overall performance of the groups in which the experimenter did the underlining tended to be higher than the overall performance of groups in which the subject did the underlining. (WR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A