ERIC Number: ED102493
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Social Background and Schooling Influences on the Subjective Orientations of High School Seniors. Report No. 185.
Alexander, Karl; McDill, Edward L.
A multivariate "school process" model is evaluated to explore some of the ways in which social background and schooling influences combine to affect subjective school outcomes. Four rates of subjective orientation are considered: educational plans, self-conceptions of competence, intellectualism, and satisfaction with school. The analysis, based on questionnaire and testing data for a sample of high school seniors, identifies "social background" characteristics (sex, measured ability, and status origins) as important determinants of such outcomes, while school process mechanisms, including curriculum enrollment, characteristics of peer associates, and academic performance, both contribute uniquely to the explanation of subjective orientations and serve as important mediators of background influence. Quite diverse specific patterns of dependency are obtained across outcomes. Finally, two underlying dimensions of subjective orientation are found to practically exhaust the explanatory power of predictor variables vis-a-vis the four outcomes. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.