ERIC Number: ED102473
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Sex and Self-Interest Upon Equity Behavior.
Jackson, Erwin D.; Garrett, James B.
Previous equity research indicates that females more often than males prefer to divide rewards equally when their own work inputs are greater than that of their partner. In the present study, males and females divided rewards either between themselves and another person, or between two hypothetical members of a work dyad. Results showed that when dividing rewards between two other persons, females ignored members' differential inputs and rewarded each member equally. Males allocated more reward to the member with higher input. However, when subjects divided rewards between themselves and another person, both males and females with superior inputs retained the greater share of reward for themselves. Theoretical implications for understanding sex differences in equity behavior are discussed. It was suggested that females may normally prefer equality distributions because of sex-role expectations, but are willing to violate the stereotype when a sufficient incentive is provided. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A