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ERIC Number: ED102448
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
The Effects of Cooperatively and Competitively Structured Learning Environments on Intrapersonal Behavior.
Crockenberg, Susan B.; And Others
This study examined the effects of cooperative and competitive goal structures on children's evaluations of the learning experience and on children's self-reward. Fourth-graders (n=180) were assigned to learning groups of three children each by a stratified (sex and ability) random sampling procedure. Groups were assigned to either the group (cooperative) or individual (competitive) condition. Cooperative subjects worked together on a project, and all were rewarded for their efforts. Competitive subjects worked independently and only one randomly selected "winner" was rewarded. The effects of "failure" and of "success" depended on a number of variables other than the amount of reward received; for example, on whether the subject saw the reward as deserved and the distribution of rewards as fair. The author notes that one goal for future research in this area is to define these modifying circumstances more specifically. (Author/PC)
Susan Crockenberg, Department of Applied Behavioral Sciences, University of California, Davis, California 95616
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 1974)