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ERIC Number: ED102434
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: N/A
Phenomenological Behavior-Exchange Models of Marital Success.
Gottman, John; And Others
The objective of two studies was to devise an assessment procedure for the evaluation of therapy with distressed marriages. An extension of behavior exchange theory was proposed to include phenomenological ratings by the couple of the intent of messages sent and the impact of messages received. Convergent criteria were used to select 14 unsuccessful couples and 14 successful couples for the two studies. In Study 1 the two groups of couples differed on the perceived positiveness of exchanged behaviors and on reciprocity as measured by conditional probabilities of positively and negatively valued exchange. On a task which permitted the assessment of effective resource utilization, unsuccessful couples utilized resources less effectively than successful couples. Study 2 was an extension of the results of Study 1 to a nonuniversity population of couples with greater demographic variation. The results of Study 2 replicated the pattern of results obtained in Study 1. The results of these studies provide discriminative criteria which can be used to evaluate therapeutic interventions with couples, and speaks for the usefullness of phenomenological behavior exchange theory for assessing successful marriage. (Author/PC)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Counseling Effectiveness, Family Counseling, Interpersonal Relationship, Marriage, Models, Phenomenology, Research Projects, Success
John Gottman, Department of Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47401
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. Lab. of Human Social Interaction.